On My CC Toolkit
The R.U.D Process
- Emotion an evolutionary-approach to neural regulation Porges
- Critique of the Polyvagal Theory -Final Translation
- Infant and Child Development – 2011 – Porges – The early development of the autonomic nervous system provides a neural
- The Evolution of Sociality and the Polyvagal Theory
- Signal Processing On The Vagus Nerve
- An overview of the phylogeny of cardiorespiratory control in 2022
- Rhythm and Safety of Social Engagement Polyvagal Theory Informed
- Pick Evolution Homeostasis Phylogenetic
6 Playful Activities for Teens 13-17 years
Assessments & Tools
- Body Perceptions Questionnaire
- BBCSS Adult Form Self Report Brief
- BBCSS Caregiver Form
- BBCSS Scoring Form
- Toronto Alexithymia Scale
- Eight-item General Alexithymia Factor Score [GAFS-8] Calculator (Based on TAS-20)
Porges’ Review Articles
- The Pocket Guide to the Polyvagal Theory: The Transformative Power of Feeling Safe Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company Publication Year: 2021
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31346259/ Growing a Social Brain
- Orienting in a defensive world: mammalian modifications of our evolutionary heritage. A Polyvagal Theory. Psychophysiology, 1995.
- Emotion: an evolutionary by-product of the neural regulation of the autonomic nervous system. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 1997.
- Love: an emergent property of the mammalian autonomic nervous system. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 1998.
- The polyvagal theory: phylogenetic substrates of a social nervous system. Int J Psychophysiol, 2001.
- The Polyvagal Theory: phylogenetic contributions to social behavior. Physiol Behav, 2003a.
- Social engagement and attachment: a phylogenetic perspective. Ann N Y Acad Sci, 2003b.
- A phylogenetic journey through the vague and ambiguous Xth cranial nerve: a commentary on contemporary heart rate variability research. Biol Psychol, 2006a.
- The Polyvagal Perspective. Biol Psychol, 2006b.
- The polyvagal theory: new insights into adaptive reactions of the autonomic nervous system. Cleve Clin J Med, 2009.
- The Early Development of the Autonomic Nervous System Provides a Neural Platform for Social Behavior: A Polyvagal Perspective. Infant Child Dev, 2011.
- Cardiac vagal tone: a neurophysiological mechanism that evolved in mammals to dampen threat reactions and promote sociality. World Psychiatry, 2021a.
- Polyvagal Theory: A biobehavioral journey to sociality. Compr Psychoneuroendocrinol 2021b.
- Polyvagal Theory: A Science of Safety. Front Integr Neurosci, 2022a.
- Heart Rate Variability: A Personal Journey. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback, 2022b.
- *Sargunaraj et al. Cardiac rhythm effects of .125-Hz paced breathing through a resistive load: implications for paced breathing therapy and the polyvagal theory. Biofeedback Self Regul, 1996.
- *Reed et al. A neural explanation of fetal heart rate patterns: A test of the polyvagal theory. Dev Psychobiol, 1999.
- *Porges et al. Heart rate and respiration in reptiles: contrasts between a sit-and-wait predator and an intensive forager. Brain Cogn, 2003.
Critical Papers and ResearchGate Threads
- Grossman P & Taylor EW. Toward understanding respiratory sinus arrhythmia: relations to cardiac vagal tone, evolution and biobehavioral functions. Biol Psychol, 2007.
- Taylor et al. An overview of the phylogeny of cardiorespiratory control in vertebrates with some reflections on the ‘Polyvagal Theory’. Biol Psychol, 2022.
- Grossman. ResearchGate (main project): Examining Porges’ “Polyvagal” suppositions (2016, ongoing)
- Grossman. ResearchGate (question): After 20 years of “polyvagal” hypotheses, is there any direct evidence for the first 3 premises that form the foundation of the polyvagal conjectures? (2016, ongoing)
- Grossman. ResearchGate (question): Does anyone know of research documenting large heart-rate decrease during episodes of psychological dissociation? (2016, ongoing)
References re: Role of DMNV in Bradycardia
- Cheng et al. Projections of the dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus to cardiac ganglia of rat atria: an anterograde tracing study. J Comp Neurol, 1999.
- Cheng Z & Powley TL. Nucleus ambiguus projections to cardiac ganglia of rat atria: an anterograde tracing study. J Comp Neurol, 2000.
- Cheng et al. Domoic acid lesions in nucleus of the solitary tract: time-dependent recovery of hypoxic ventilatory response and peripheral afferent axonal plasticity. J Neurosci, 2002.
- Cheng et al. Attenuation of baroreflex sensitivity after domoic acid lesion of the nucleus ambiguus of rats. J Appl Physiol, 2004.
- Cheng et al. Differential control over postganglionic neurons in rat cardiac ganglia by NA and DmnX neurons: anatomical evidence. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 2004.
- Farmer et al. Brainstem sources of cardiac vagal tone and respiratory sinus arrhythmia. J Physiol, 2016.
- Geis GS & Wurster RD. Cardiac responses during stimulation of the dorsal motor nucleus and nucleus ambiguus in the cat. Circ Res, 1980.
- Gourine et al. Cardiac vagal preganglionic neurones: An update. Auton Neurosci, 2016.
- Gray et al. Parasympathetic control of the heart. III. Neuropeptide Y-immunoreactive nerve terminals synapse on three populations of negative chronotropic vagal preganglionic neurons. J Appl Physiol, 2004.
- Verberne, Anthony JM. Differential cardiac parasympathetic innervation–what is the functional significance? Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol, 2004.
Additional Papers and Books Mentioned
- Atzil et al. Growing a social brain. Nat Hum Behav, 2018.
- Benish et al. Culturally adapted psychotherapy and the legitimacy of myth: a direct-comparison meta-analysis. J Couns Psychol, 2011.
- Borrell-Carrio et al. The Biopsychosocial Model 25 Years Later: Principles, Practice, and Scientific Inquiry. Ann Fam Med, 2004.
- Dale et al. Childhood Maltreatment Influences Autonomic Regulation and Mental Health in College Students. Front Psychiatry, 2022.
- Doody et al. The Evolution of Sociality and the Polyvagal Theory. Biological Psychology, 2023. [open access link here]
- Engel GL. The need for a new medical model: a challenge for biomedicine. Science, 1977.
- Hopkins et al. The seductive allure is a reductive allure: People prefer scientific explanations that contain logically irrelevant reductive information Cognition, 2016.
- Kolacz et al. Cardiac autonomic regulation and joint hypermobility in adolescents with functional abdominal pain disorders. Neurogastroenterol Motil, 2021.
- Kovacic et al. Impaired Vagal Efficiency Predicts Auricular Neurostimulation Response in Adolescent Functional Abdominal Pain Disorders. Am J Gastroenterol, 2020.
- Payne et al. Somatic experiencing: using interoception and proprioception as core elements of trauma therapy. Front Psychol, 2015.
- Porges et al. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia and auditory processing in autism: modifiable deficits of an integrated social engagement system? Int J Psychophysiol, 2013.
- Porges et al. Reducing Auditory Hypersensitivities in Autistic Spectrum Disorder: Preliminary Findings Evaluating the Listening Project Protocol. Front Pediatr, 2014.
- Rajabalee et al. Neuromodulation Using Computer-Altered Music to Treat a Ten-Year-Old Child Unresponsive to Standard Interventions for Functional Neurological Disorder. Harv Rev Psychiatry, 2022.
- Rosenberg, Stanley. Accessing the Healing Power of the Vagus Nerve: Self-Help Exercises for Anxiety, Depression, Trauma, and Autism. 2017.
- Weisberg et al. The Seductive Allure of Neuroscience Explanations J Cogn Neurosci, 2008.
Other Critiques of Polyvagal Theory
James C Coyne on medium.com – various critical articles regarding PVT
RIP Polyvagal Theory by Shin Shin Tang (medium.com)
The Problem with the Polyvagal Theory by Max Pearl
Evolution of a Theory: Polyvagal is Not Dead by Janae Elisabeth
The Dark Side of Polyvagal Theory by Brian Dunning